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Most back pain is non-specific, meaning that there is likely no structural damage or structural irritation. Back pain normally occurs due to joint stiffness or muscle tightness, so when you do get this pain, the most important thing is to try and keep the back moving. It is very common for runners to stop all movement due to the fear of making things worse, but the best thing you can do is move.
Signs and Symptoms
Common signs and symptoms of back pain may include:
Stiffness and discomfort in the back when you are running
Weakness in the core and glute muscles
If you experience any signs or symptoms that include pins and needles, numbness or bowel issues, make sure to speak to a doctor
Rest is not always best! Whilst it may not feel like it, the lower back likes movement to help prevent stiffness. Even a short 10 minute walk will help relieve some of the symptoms.
As well as the short walks, you should look to try and do these exercises throughout the day to help relieve the symptoms of generalised back pain.
Knees to chest (source)
Lay on your back, gently rolling your knees up to your chest, using both hands to squeeze them as close to the chest as possible. You should do this exercise for 60 seconds at the start - you might experience slight pain due to the tightness of the muscles, but you should work with the pain rather than against it. This exercise should be done little and often to keep the back moving.
Dead Bugs (source)
This exercise is for your abdominals. When you have back pain, it is common that your lower back gets overloaded due to the weakness in your abdominals. This exercise will help you strengthen your core to support your lower back. Hands and thighs should be parallel with each other, with your knees bent at 90 degrees. Lengthen each opposite arm and leg at the same time until they are parallel to the floor. Engage your core then pull them back up to the starting position. This exercise should be done two to three times a day, each time for 20-30 seconds.